Star Forts or Ancient Power Stations

The Synopsis

Hundreds of beautiful buildings known as star forts adorn our planet like jewelry. In today’s curriculum, these magnificent star forts are rarely, if ever, brought up. The hush-hush around these antiquities has many people questioning their true history.

In 1520, star forts were employed by the famous Michelangelo in the defensive earthworks of Florence and refined in the 16th century by Baldassare Peruzzi and Vincenzo Scamozzi. The design spread out of Italy in the 1530s and 1540s and was employed heavily throughout Europe for the following three centuries.  

Michelangelo’s Drawings for the Fortifications of Florence

A star fort is also known as a “bastion fort” or trace italienne. It is a fortification in a style that evolved during the age of gunpowder when the canon came to dominate the battlefield in the mid-15th century in Italy. The star fort’s sharp angles helped to eliminate “dead zones” — areas that could not be fired upon due to the angle of the fort’s rounded towers, thus allowing the enemy to undermine the castle walls. Mainstream historians assure us that the forts’ peculiar shape helped the people in charge of them to cover the “dead zones” for protection during battles.  

There is no doubt that these star forts were used to fight battles, but that doesn’t mean that the star fort design was evolved specifically for military purposes. Many of these star forts, as you will see, are actually left completely open for enemies to enter. In the NEWEARTH documentary below, you will see how probable it is that these forts originally had a different purpose.

Why Is This Important?

It can be hard to know who to trust because of all the disputes and suspicions in the educational system, politics, and world history. Being able to discern the truth is a powerful virtue in this age of information.

We feel it is important to question the purpose of the star forts because there is a lot to be learned from these massive structures.

Some very evolved technology would have been needed to execute the comprehensive anatomy and design of these forts. They can be found in over 37 countries — America, South Africa, Japan, and Germany, to mention just a few.  

Although the star-shaped forts are dispersed worldwide and were built over centuries, the architectural features are so similar that they appear as if they could have been designed by a single engineer.

As visually pleasing as the forts are, however, much of their structure is out of sight. Approximately 50% of the star forts’ structures are underground, and many times they include mazes of tunnels.

Considering the hundreds (possibly thousands) of star forts around the world, in conjunction with their similar shape and form, it begs the question: Beyond the aspects of defense, could there have been a cosmic or stellar symbolic significance to these ancient structures?

The star forts’ locations on hallowed ground underscore their possible symbolic significance, because these places either were, or would become scenes of survival, death, and the afterlife!

The true purpose and technology behind these impressive erections are worth questioning as they may provide solutions to the problems of today.

Engagements

Have you been following up on info about star forts? If so, copy any links of images and videos you may have in the comments so we can look over and share what you have found.

Be sure to share this post with your friends and colleagues via social media and get them in the Gno.

Would you like to know something specific about this subject? Let us know in the comments and someone deep-diving into this topic will leave a response.

Do you know anything about some historical occurrence that directly connects with star forts? If so, let us know about it in the comments!

 

Here are a couple more fascinating videos of star forts… or could they also have been ancient power stations

 

More Articles coming around this event including:

  • The Gilded Age: A Mysteries Time of Rapid Advancement
  • Tartary: An Entire Nation, Gone or Hidden Among Us?

 

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The Math and Magic of Muqarnas

A style of architectural ornamentation that dates back to the middle of the 10th century, originating in Iran and North Africa, Muqarnas compositions are 3D manifestations of 2D Islamic geometric designs, meaning these insanely complex designs were made using nothing more than a humble compass and ruler.

In our world of digital manufacturing, it’s hard to imagine these intricate, perfect geometries were made by hand, one unit at a time, hundreds of years ago.

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In this picture, you can see the wood scaffolding and cement used to piece one style of Muqarnas together:

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And what the finished product would look like:

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Each Muqarnas composition has five common qualities:

1. A three-dimensional shape that can readily be flattened into a two-dimensional geometric outline (and begins as such)

2. The depth of design is variable and determined entirely by the maker

3. Simultaneously architectural and ornamental by nature

4. No intrinsic logical or mathematical boundaries so can be scaled ad infinitum

5. Consists of stacked tiers made up of cells, each of which has a facet and a roof of sorts

UK-based author, educator, and artist Eric Broug is a renowned scholar on Islamic geometrics who has made it his mission to spread the knowledge and joy of muqarnas through his workshops, lectures, books, and tutorials, all housed under the School of Islamic Geometric Design.  Be sure to check out the Resources page, which features tutorials as well as a teacher guide. 

 

Broug has also created a fascinating TED-Ed video on the complex geometry of Islamic design that’s definitely worth a watch.

His “Practical Introduction to Muqarnas” gives a great, illustrative overview:

It’s all about carefully arranging the pieces of the composition.

Watch three minutes of Nhari assembling a Muqarnas composition and realize how incredibly painstaking the process would be for a large-scale area:

How to hand-carve each of the pieces, as artisans have done for centuries:

The 2D Behind the 3D

For example, here’s the Iwan (the large, arched entrance) of the Jameh Mosque in Yazd, Iran:

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And Takahashi’s line drawing:

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And a closeup of the Iwan ceiling:

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Infinite Material Possibilities

The beauty of such intricate designs based on classic geometries is that they’re infinitely scalable in a vast array of materials.  No picture can capture how amazing it is to physically be standing under a giant muqarnas composition.  Each material inspires a different effect.  The most surreal, perhaps, are the mirror-encrusted muqarnas, most often found in mosques and shrines.  Even though you’re surrounded by mirrors, the angles and small size of the individual pieces make it so you never see a reflection, only brightness, and light.

Plaster

Fatimah Masumeh Shrine in Qom:

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Water Museum in Yazd:

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Hand-painted, in one of the luxury suites at the Abbasi Hotel in Isfahan:

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Tile

The Shah Mosque in Isfahan:

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Be sure to take a look at Nevit Dilman’s super-high-resolution image on Wikipedia, where you can really zoom in and see all the glorious details.

The Jameh Mosque in Yazd:

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Poet Hafiz’s Shrine in Shiraz:

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Brick

Jameh Mosque in Yazd:

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Mirrored

Fatimah Masoumeh Shrine in Qom:

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Chehel Sotun Palace in Isfahan:

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Shah-e Cheragh Shrine in Shiraz:

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Wood

The Music Room of the Ali Qapu Palace in Isfahan (photographed by Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji):

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A great assembly shot from a style of wooden Muqarnas on this site:

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Gold

Fatimah Masumeh Shrine in Qom:

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Modern Rendition: Gadeken’s Roshanai

Great things happen when makers incorporate ancient designs into modern works.

Bay Area artist Charles Gadeken recently incorporated metal Muqarnas compositions in the entryways of his latest large-scale piece, entitled Roshanai (meaning illuminate), a 108-ft long tunnel of light and sound.

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Here’s the 3D rendering of the entryway:

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The flattened Geometry:

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A section of the metal Muqarnas:

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And the finished product at night:

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We’ll wrap up with one more Muqarnas just for the sake of eye candy.

I’d love to see the Alhambra, particularly the Muqarnas, in the Hall of the Two Sisters.

Wow!

quaranas

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Check out one of our Secret Energy courses to learn about how classic geometries relate to the building blocks of life.

Go on a Mandelbulb / Mandelbox Trip here!

 

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